The Atlas Mountains are the habitats of plant and animal species such as Babary macaque and the Atlas Mountain badger which are indigenous to Africa. The eastern Rift Valley extends from Tanzania through Kenya to Ethiopia. The last time the mountain erupted in 2002 causing damage and destruction as lava flowed to areas of the nearby town Goma. To explore the Virunga mountains one will need to visit Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Virunga National Park in Congo. Despite having three volcanic cones and being a dormant volcano, many brave hearted people hike to the top of the mountain every year. Unlike many mountains in Africa, snow forms on top of Mt. The name is derived from a Zulu word, Ubombo, that means “big nose.” In South Africa the mountains extend from south of the Mkuze River (KwaZulu-Natal province) north into The mountain is characterized by montane forests and bamboo forests providing breathtaking views. The highest peak in this range is the Deriba Caldera which rises to a height of 9,980 ft. Jebel Marra, Sudanese Arabic when translated to English means “woman mountains.”. The caldera also has hot springs that make the journey to the top of the mountain worthwhile. Mount Bisoke is shared by Rwanda and Congo standing at an elevation of 3,711 meters above sea level. Mount Sabyinyo is serrated at the top looking like a gum of an old man’s teeth therefore the name was derived from a local word “Sabyinyo” to mean  “Old mans teeth”. This is because all the required nutrients come out with the volcanic eruption. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Many volcanos have erupted dozens of times in the past few thousand years, but are not erupting at this moment. 24. A whopping 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) wide and usually containing a lava lake, Nyiragongo Volcano is one of Africa's most active volcanoes, with an eruption in 2002 displacing half a million people. Though a volcano is a type of mountain, it has a v-crater, magma, and lava. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa standing 19341 feet tall in Tanzania. The mountain is also said to date by to the Pleistocene Epoch. This free map quiz game will help you learn the locations of some of the most well known mountains and volcanoes in the world. Active Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico. The mountain was named after Henry Morton Stanley, an explorer, who discovered it in 1888. It stands as the second highest of the Virunga ranges and the 13th tallest mountain in African continent standing at an elevation of 4,437 meters above sea level. Mountain Paricutin which is located in Mexico. From the eight of these Virunga Mountains, six are inactive while two are very active and known among the most active volcanoes in the world. Mountains always have elevations higher than … The East African Rift comprises two volcanic regions. List of Mountains in South Africa is a general list of mountains in South Africa, with elevation. It contains the Rift Valley lakes. As of 2013, the most active volcanoes in Africa, Nyamuragira, Nyiragongo, Mount Cameroon and Ol Doinyo Lengai, have erupted a combined 101 times. This is a list of selected mountains, ordered alphabetically by continent or region and country. The Western Rift, (Albertine Rift), is bounded by some of the highest mountains in Africa, including the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and Ruwenzori Range. The mountain is also the world’s tallest free-standing mountain which is a result of the volcanic activity. Most volcanoes live many thousands of years and erupt many times. Mount Kilimanjaro Mount Kilimanjaro. It is one of the largest volcanoes in Africa with a height of 4040m. Mount Bisoke is endowed with a crater at its summit. Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. 9) Marion Island, Prince Edwards Islands, South Africa. Mount Cameroon, volcanic massif of southwestern Cameroon that rises to a height of 13,435 feet (4,095 metres) and extends 14 miles (23 km) inland from the Gulf of Guinea. The Arenal Volcano mountain is one of the fiercest mountains that erupted in the recent year of 2010. The mountain lies on the border between Uganda and Kenya and is one of the few volcanic mountains in Africa. The Dabbahu Volcano is also known as Boina, Boyna, or Moina locally. Very rarely do mountains occur individually. Its usually takes tourists only one day to climb and back. East African Volcanoes Mountains: Many mountains with interesting key features and adventures were formed as the result of this feature like volcanoes mountain ranges. Volcanic mountains consist of – Magma chamber, Vent, Lava, Crater, and pyroclastic flow. Locals say the range when viewed from the southeast resembles a reclining woman. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. The lava from Nyiragonga is very fluid and lava flows can reach speeds of 100km/h when racing down the mountain. Mount Muhaburais shared by Uganda and Rwanda, the name is derived from a local word to mean Sentinel. At 5,109 m (16,765 ft) it is the third highest mountain in Africa and is so high that glaciers can be found at the top. 1. The last activity was seen in 1994 when smoke started to come out of the mountain’s top. It was the volcano’s largest eruption in over 100 years. Volcanoes tend to have a lower elevation, but there are still over 100 that rise at least 2,000 meters above sea level. It really is not that dangerous to hike though, the only deaths that occur on the mountain are due to acute mountain sickness and the rare freak storm. It is the second-largest volcano in Tanzania. Mount Nyiragongo is one of the most famous of the Virunga Mountains. The lava from Nyiragonga is very fluid and lava flows can reach speeds of 100km/h when racing down the mountain. Mount Karisimbi stands at an elevation of 4,507 meters above sea level and it’s the highest of the Virunga Volcanoes. It is one of eight volcanoes in the Virunga Mountains and located near the town of Goma. Very rarely do mountains occur individually. Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano and the highest mountain in Africa with an approximate elevation of 19,341 feet above sea level. Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. Karisimbi during the dry seasons of June, July, and August. According to an overview of the physical geography of Africa, most of the mountains were formed as a result of volcanic activities. Marion Island is the top of a 5000m high shield volcano (similar to Hawaii) that rises 1242m out of the Indian Ocean. Volcanoes are mountains formed by magma (molten rock) emerging from cracks in the Earth’s thin outer crust.. Ash of the eruption reached villages up to 40km away. The volcanic composition makes Pilanesberg a source of rare minerals, and platinum mines are situated at the base of the crater formation next to the mountain. Muhabura stands at an elevation of 4,127 meters above sea level. I know where I won’t be going. Major volcanic regions are the afar triangle, which is located at a triple junction in the north east, and the Great Rift Valley, which extends from Syria in the middle east to Mozambique in the south. Mount Gahinga is one of the beauties of the Virunga mountains characterized by bamboo forests and afro-montane forests. Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the tallest mountains in Africa and quite famous among hikers since it is considered as easiest among all seven summits (Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Elbrus, Carstensz Pyramid). The mountain is situated near the African plate boundary, Arabian plate … OK, with all of that out of the way, let's get started. Your email address will not be published. The hike is worth as you can see a crater near to its summit and stunning views of Rwanda twin lakes Burera and Ruhondo. The volcano is active and erupted in 1980 and 2004 and is the only active volcano in South Africa. Volcanic soil or the soil around a volcanic mountain is very fertile. Mount Gahinga is well known for its volcanic caves that can be seen while trekking. Famous Volcanoes: Introduction (Scroll down to see the volcanoes!) Did the country get its name from the mountain or did the mountain get its name from the country? It is the highest peak in sub-Saharan western and central Africa and the westernmost extension of a series of hills and Its one of the toughest mountains to climb among the Virunga. Many Volcanic Mountains are considered Highest in this World.Most probably the highest volcanic mountain is Ojos de Salado in Peru, at 6891 metres, and erupted last about 1300 years ago. The East African Rift comprises two volcanic regions. A mountain is a natural rise in the Earth’s surface which is usually formed as a result of crustal movements on the planet. 10 Highest Mountains In Africa (List of Tallest African Peaks), an overview of the physical geography of Africa. Do you find volcanoes scary? The lava builds up around the area where the eruption occurred. In most cases, they are found in elongated ranges or chains. Mount Oku is a volcanic mountain found in Cameroon and is the second-highest in West Africa. An eruption in 2005 created a fissure in the earth with a length of 60km. The purpose of this article is to discuss the formation of volcanic mountains. See instructions. The range, however, got its name from the Dutch and when translated means “Mountains of Dragons.”. Volcanic Mountains are basically active in the core of the Mountains, many of the tallest mountains and small individual islands are formed by the huge Volcanism thousands of years ago. The mountain has had several volcanic activities including a minor eruption of 1910 leading to the formation of cones and craters within the vicinity. Several theories have been put forward on the meaning and origin of the name “Kilimanjaro.” Some … This list includes mountains in two other sovereign states, in the Stormberg-Drakensberg range, where the highest elevations are to be found in Lesotho, as well as Emlembe, the highest mountain in Swaziland, located at the border with South Africa. Mount Nyiragonga is the most dangerous volcano in Africa. Mount Stanley is the highest mountain for both the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. It has a total height of 5,479 m heigh. Its one of the steepest to climb. Its highest peak, Thabana Ntlenyana, is located in Lesotho. Hiking mount Karisimbi takes two days. TouristLink also has a map of all the volcanoes in World as well as detailed maps showing volcanoes in … East African mountains and lakes. A full page Google map showing the exact location of 33 volcanoes in Africa. Locals however say that this mountain is not dangerous. 1. The Virunga volcanoes are also situated along the Albertine rift valley which is part of the great rift valley one of the worlds greatest natural features, The eight volcanoes include; Mount Bisoke, Mount Nyamuragira, Mount Karisimbi, Mount Nyiragongo, Mount Sabyinyo, Mount Muhabura, and Mount Mikeno. Mountains may contain water but you cannot find any traces of water in a volcano. Mountains and lakes of East Africa. Mid-Range Lodges in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Mid-Range Accommodation in Murchison Falls. Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. Table Mountain is one of the shortest mountains on this list at a measly 3,558 feet. Some scientists consider a volcano active if it has erupted in the holocene (historic times) period.. Its vegetation is very unique and the view at the top is amazing when you look downwards. Volcanoes of Africa - John Seach. Set amid low plateaus, Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, rising to 19,340 feet (5,895 metres) at Uhuru peak on the Kibo cone. Plateaus, separated by valleys are found at the peaks. The article aims to talk about the volcanoes in the world that form an important part of the general awareness section of various competitive exams. Please find our contact details below, get in touch and wait for our response in less than 24 hours. Mount Nyiragonga is the most dangerous volcano in Africa. Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines. The most thrilling thing about this volcanic mountains is that its home to the remaining mountain gorillas in the world that can only be found in Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.