NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. Do not use unpublished data, methods, or results without permission. A national survey, Publishing the same paper in two different journals without telling the editors, Submitting the same paper to different journals without telling the editors, Not informing a collaborator of your intent to file a patent in order to make sure that you are the sole inventor, Including a colleague as an author on a paper in return for a favor even though the colleague did not make a serious contribution to the paper, Discussing with your colleagues confidential data from a paper that you are reviewing for a journal, Using data, ideas, or methods you learn about while reviewing a grant or a papers without permission, Trimming outliers from a data set without discussing your reasons in paper, Using an inappropriate statistical technique in order to enhance the significance of your research, Bypassing the peer review process and announcing your results through a press conference without giving peers adequate information to review your work, Conducting a review of the literature that fails to acknowledge the contributions of other people in the field or relevant prior work, Stretching the truth on a grant application in order to convince reviewers that your project will make a significant contribution to the field, Stretching the truth on a job application or curriculum vita, Giving the same research project to two graduate students in order to see who can do it the fastest, Overworking, neglecting, or exploiting graduate or post-doctoral students, Failing to maintain research data for a reasonable period of time, Making derogatory comments and personal attacks in your review of author's submission, Promising a student a better grade for sexual favors, Making significant deviations from the research protocol approved by your institution's Animal Care and Use Committee or Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects Research without telling the committee or the board, Not reporting an adverse event in a human research experiment, Exposing students and staff to biological risks in violation of your institution's biosafety rules, Rigging an experiment so you know how it will turn out, Making unauthorized copies of data, papers, or computer programs, Owning over $10,000 in stock in a company that sponsors your research and not disclosing this financial interest, Deliberately overestimating the clinical significance of a new drug in order to obtain economic benefits. Failing to publish a correction would be unethical because it would violate norms relating to honesty and objectivity in research. If you are giving a presentation about an environmental health topic or Use the search box to see research highlights from NIEHS scientists since its founding in 1966. Erroneous or fraudulent research often enters the public record without being detected for years. The agreement could define allowable uses of the data, publication plans, authorship, etc. when people who are morally weak, ignorant, or insensitive are placed in stressful or imperfect environments. That's just the way it's done, one might argue. Keep your promises and agreements; act with sincerity; strive for consistency of thought and action. Ethical norms also serve the aims or goals of research and apply to people who conduct scientific research or other scholarly or creative activities. Avoid discrimination against colleagues or students on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or other factors not related to scientific competence and integrity. Many government agencies have ethics rules for funded researchers. Indeed, the evidence produced so far shows that misconduct is a very rare occurrence in research, although there is considerable variation among various estimates. He or she should be able to articulate reasons for his or her conduct and should consider the following questions in order to explain how he or she arrived at his or her decision: . It is our means of deciding a course of action. just looking for general information about environmental health research or the institute, this page will help. To know what to do, Dr. Wexford needs to have more information concerning such matters as university or funding agency or journal policies that may apply to this situation, the team's intellectual property interests, the possibility of negotiating some kind of agreement with the other team, whether the other team also has some information it is willing to share, the impact of the potential publications, etc. You must follow ethical guidelines issued by regulatory committees in order to ensure the safety of the participants of a study, the public at large, and that of the researcher himself/herself. Protect confidential communications, such as papers or grants submitted for publication, personnel records, trade or military secrets, and patient records. Indeed, you also may believe that most of your colleagues are highly ethical and that there is no ethics problem in research.. Ethics is a requirement for human life. Many of the deviations that occur in research may occur because researchers simply do not know or have never thought seriously about some of the ethical norms of research. Third, many of the ethical norms help to ensure that researchers can be held accountable to the public. Download or play NIEHS Health Chat's with a wide range of experts and topics. You must follow ethical guidelines issued by regulatory committees in order to ensure the safety of the participants of a study, the public at large, and that of the researcher himself/herself. Answered by Editage Insights The need for research ethics: Research ethics applies the fundamental of ethical principles to a variety of topics involving scientific research. There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research. In any case, a course in research ethics can be useful in helping to prevent deviations from norms even if it does not prevent misconduct. As such, all research involving human beings should be reviewed by an ethics committee to ensure that the appropriate ethical standards are being upheld. Ethical guidelines are vital in any psychological research. Strive to promote social good and prevent or mitigate social harms through research, public education, and advocacy.