The Survey on the Actual Conditions of Older Person in Korea; Statistics of Social Welfare Volunteers; Social Expenditure in Korea; Long Term Care Insurance Statistics; Education and Training. Korean students are also eligible for government loans. Find Out Korea’s ambitions were set back when the number of international students declined between 2012 and 2014, but inbound mobility has since increased strongly. Meister school graduates are not allowed to enroll in universities until they work full time for three consecutive years. These developments created a fertile environment for Korean outbound student mobility. The reasons for this reversal are unclear, but the shift in trends coincided with Canada expanding its admission quotas for skilled immigrants—a factor that may have played at least some role in attracting more Koreans to the country. The Korean government seeks to promote labor market entry directly after high school and strengthen vocational skills training with an “employment first, advancement to university later” approach. Lower-secondary education lasts three years (grades seven to nine) and concludes with the award of a certificate of graduation from middle school. In 2017, about 593,000 high school students registered for the Suneung. Rising tuition costs in the U.S. therefore don’t work in favor of increased student inflows from Korea. Under the new guidelines, applicants no longer have to reveal the name of their university or GPAs on their application, nor provide personal information about age, weight, or family background, or submit a head shot. ), Beyond merging and closing institutions amid demographic decline, the Korean government currently seeks to strengthen industrial-academic cooperation and restructure several universities into smaller, more specialized, and more research-oriented institutions that have greater autonomy in order to create world-class institutions that concentrate on graduate education. 67% more than South Korea 3 Ranked 195th. As the New York Times put it, the “edge that a foreign degree gives a South Korean graduate” has worn off in the wake of ever-increasing numbers of Koreans earning foreign degrees. Education is a serious matter for South Korea. As Korean researchers have noted, there is not enough intercultural exchange between domestic and international students in Korea’s sometimes exclusivist culture. Education levels vary between countries around the world. All Rights Reserved. Entry-to-practice degrees in medicine and dentistry are either earned upon completion of long single-tier programs of six-years’ duration entered after high school, or four-year graduate-entry programs on top of a bachelor’s degree. Traditionally, Korean schools have been segregated by sex—coeducational schools did not begin to emerge until the 1980s. According to the MOE’s website, it “plans and coordinates educational policies, formulates policies that govern the primary, secondary, and higher educational institutes, publishes and approves textbooks, provides administrative and financial support for all levels of the school system, supports local education offices and national universities, operates the teacher training system and is responsible for overseeing lifelong education and developing human resource policies.”. Between 2011 and 2016, the number of Korean students who entered higher education programs declined by 10 percent. Today, many villages look like ghost towns, with … once-bustling schools standing in weedy ruins ….” However, despite this demographic shift, Korea in 2015 still had some of the largest lower-secondary class sizes in the OECD, as well as an above-average teacher-to-student ratio in upper-secondary education—circumstances that are likely due to rapidly growing enrollments in urban areas. The picture in other destination countries is mixed. In addition, the government promotes policies similar to affirmative action by requiring mandatory special admissions quotas for students from rural regions. As of 2018, 170 universities had obtained accreditation from KUAI. The largest Korean HEI in terms of enrollments is the Korea National Open University, a public distance education provider with more than 136,000 students headquartered in Seoul. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Moon’s bold education reform proposals seek to eventually integrate all state universities into one large university system. According to IIE’s Project Atlas, the number of Korean students in China increased by more than 11 percent since 2013 and currently stands at 70,540. The capital is Seoul. In the U.S., Korea remains the third-largest sending country of international students after China and India, despite a significant drop in enrollments in recent years. Tuition fee hikes caused growing social resistance and student protests in recent years. 59.2% of them extend their stay, while 20.1% achieve permanent residency and 13.2% achieve South Korean citizenship. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Ten Korean universities are included among in the current Shanghai (ARWU) Rankings, but none among the top 100. Korea’s high educational attainment levels are but one sign of the country’s singular transformation and meteoric economic rise over the past 70 years. Those in developed nations have higher literacy rates and at least a basic high school education. Despite all the time, finances, and emotional resources invested in their education, Korean youth find it increasingly difficult to secure desired quality, socially prestigious jobs. Bachelor’s degrees are awarded by universities and four-year colleges. Admission is typically based on the completion of a bachelor’s degree with a GPA of at least 3.0, entrance examinations in the intended field of study and English and, often, selection interviews. The Economist Intelligence Unit, meanwhile, recently ranked Korea 12th out of 35 countries in its “Worldwide Educating for the Future Index,” tied with the United States. The country invested heavily in educationduring the second half of the 20th century, and in 2010, spent 7.6% of its GDP on all levels of education – significantly more than the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average of 6.3%. Korea has 17 administrative divisions: nine provinces, six metropolitan cities—which have equal status to the provinces—and Seoul, which is designated as a special city. In the 1980s, Korea’s government began to strategically invest in human capital development, research, and technological innovation. This trend incentivized greater numbers of students to pursue education abroad, especially since Korean society came to value English-language education. In the decades leading up to the 2011 peak, the number of Korean youths completing upper-secondary school surged, drastically increasing the pool of potential international students, while simultaneously exacerbating supply shortages that made access to quality university education increasingly difficult and competitive. Korea is currently the largest sending country of international students to China, as per Project Atlas. Korean youths will likely find it much easier to find employment, but they will shoulder the heavy burden of supporting the country’s rapidly growing elderly population. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. Compulsary education duration: 11 Ranked 28th. One of the reasons for this contraction is that it has become increasingly difficult for Koreans to afford an expensive overseas education. Public schools and private schoolshave both been present. Korea has historically had a centralized system of government. Most Korean students study at the undergraduate level. This education profile describes recent trends in South Korean education and student mobility and provides an overview of the structure of the education system of South Korea. 2.9. Until recently, students had to choose between a natural science-oriented stream and a liberal arts-focused stream, but these streams have been abolished under the current curriculum. Integrated programs take four years to complete at minimum, including 60 credit units of course work. In Korea, the percentage of 25-64 year-olds who attained a bachelor's or equivalent tertiary education degree is one of the highest among countries with available data. The credit system and grading scales used by Korean HEIs closely resemble those of the United States. Given Korea’s high level of economic development and its strong focus on education, Korean top universities don’t fare as well in international university rankings as Korean policy makers would like them to. (All numbers are according to 2017 KESS statistics. “Suicide is everywhere,” says South Korean author Young-ha Kim, referring to modern Korean society, in his op-ed for the The New York Times.Countless others have documented what some call “the scourge of South Korea” – the fact that people of all classes, ages, and genders are committing suicide at exceptionally high rates. Korea is one of 14 countries which opted to host a Country Review, in which a team of external reviewers carried out an in-depth analysis of tertiary education policies. Lynn, R. and Vanhanen, T. (2002). Further declines are likely. Choosing where to study for a degree in South Korea … Dwindling student numbers, meanwhile, have narrowed the demand and supply gap in higher education to the extent that the Korean government is now forced to close down growing numbers of universities. More than 25 universities were classified as poor in 2017 and are in danger of closure in the near future. After completing the study program, candidates are eligible to obtain a Grade II Teacher Certificate, but must pass a comprehensive governmental employment examination if they want to teach in public schools. ; United Nations Statistics Division. Students who complete all required 204 credit units are awarded a certificate of graduation from high school. The curriculum is divided into a general education component of about 32 percent. Teacher training is provided by universities of education, colleges of education, and departments of education at regular universities.  Total government expenditures on education have tripled since 2000 and will be increased by another 10.5 percent to 70.9 trillion won (USD$63.9 billion) in 2019. Other institutions are urged to voluntarily decrease their intake, or are being merged, ordered to share professors, or closed down altogether. Credential names include the Master of Arts, Master of Science, and numerous other major-specific variations. Various initiatives, from the “Brain Pool” and “Brain Korea 21” programs of the 1990s to the current Industry-University Cooperation project, have therefore been dedicated to boosting the research output and international competitiveness of Korean universities. Robust economic growth and rising prosperity simultaneously allowed more people to afford an overseas education. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Of course work incentivized greater numbers of students to China, on the globe education! 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