The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA) was a socialist state that existed in Afghanistan from 1978 to 1992, with Kabul serving as its capital. Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. Hafizullah Amin, (born August 1, 1929, Paghmān, Afghanistan—died December 27, 1979, Kabul), leftist politician who briefly served as the president of Afghanistan in 1979.. Amin was born into a Ghilzay Pashtun family. 49 Downloads; Abstract. The Office of Spokesperson and Directorate General of Communication manages this website as a portal for information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The author lists these points after recounting the events leading to the coup d'etat against the Daoud regime on April 17, 1978 and the subsequent, but not markedly successful, attempts by leaders of the newly proclaimed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan to gain stability and implement land reform. After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the government faced increasing resistance. The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA) was a pro-Soviet nation located in South Asia. Other articles where People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is discussed: Afghanistan: Mohammad Zahir Shah (1933–73): …such group was the Marxist People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), the major leftist organization in the country. Thus, Afghanistan's foreign minister commented that Afghanistan was a democratic but not yet socialist republic, while a member of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan's Politburo predicted that "Afghanistan will not see socialism in my lifetime" in an interview with a British journalist in 1981. The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA;, '; دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت, '), renamed in 1987 to the Republic of Afghanistan, commonly known as Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), existed from 1978 to 1992, during which time the socialist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) ruled Afghanistan.wikipedia Explore similarities and differences. Democratic Republic Countries List. A continent wise Democratic Republic countries list can be given as follows. Afghanistan and Congo, Democratic Republic Of living comparison. The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The country was formed in 1973 as a republic by Dauod Khan, who overthrew the monarchy in a bloodless coup. The PDPA coup d’etat took place on a Thursday afternoon, April 27, 1978, when the office workers were off half of the day (in the Muslim calendar, Friday is the end of the week). The republic was proclaimed after the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan seized power in the 30 April 1978 Saur Revolution, with Nur Muhammad Taraki overthrowing Muhammad Daoud Khan's authoritarian regime. Founded in 1965, the party soon split into two factions, known as the People’s (Khalq) and Banner (Parcham) parties. Thus, Afghanistan's foreign minister commented that Afghanistan was a democratic but not yet socialist republic, while a member of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan's Politburo predicted that "Afghanistan will not see socialism in my lifetime" in an interview with a British journalist in 1981. [54] Authors; Authors and affiliations; Neamatollah Nojumi; Chapter. 1990 proved to be a year of change in Afghan politics: a new constitution was introduced, which stated that Afghanistan was an Islamic republic, and the PDPA was transformed into the Watan Party, which has survived to this day as the Democratic Watan Party. Democratic Republic has been adopted by a lot of countries in different continents in the past centuries and it is still prevalent. External links to other websites should not be construed as an endorsement of the … Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the then-Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability.